| book review advances
Chapter 4 discusses biomass resources and
techniques to convert biomass to gaseous fuels,
including thermal gasification and anaerobic
digestion. There’s a detailed overview of biomass-based transportation biofuels. Techniques to
convert biomass to electricity are summarized.
Chapter 5 introduces the fundamentals of
solar radiation. Calculation procedures for solar
Book Review continued from page 22
angles are illustrated with several good case studies and work-out examples, with proven techniques to measure solar radiation. The chapter
includes average data for horizontal radiation for
several locations around the world.
Chapter 6 introduces PV systems, covering
solar cells, arrays and panels. A section on thin-film and multi-layer PV technologies details their
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efficiencies, costs and applications. Design procedures and calculation tools for PV systems are
also presented for various applications, including
buildings and water-pumping systems.
Chapter 7 outlines some proven active solar
thermal systems used to heat and cool buildings.
Rating, cost and performance are analyzed for
solar collectors. Methods for estimating heating, cooling and hot-water loads in buildings are
summarized with examples and supporting data,
such as thermal properties of building construction materials.
Chapter 8 focuses on solar thermal heat technologies, for industrial process heat and electric
power. The chapter offers case studies of plants
using parabolic troughs, parabolic dishes and
central receiver towers, with methods to assess
the thermal performance and cost effectiveness
Chapter 9 summarizes proven passive solar
heating, cooling and daylighting systems suitable for residential and commercial buildings.
Detailed design guidelines for passive systems
are presented, with data for sizing calculations,
for representative U.S. climates.
Chapter 10 highlights the importance of
energy-storage technologies in support of intermittent renewable power sources. It reviews a
variety of energy storage technologies, including
mechanical systems (compressed air, pumped
hydroelectric and flywheels), direct electrical
systems (ultracapacitors and superconducting
magnetic energy storage), electrochemical systems (batteries and fuel cells) and thermal systems
(sensible and latent thermal energy storage).
Chapter 11 discusses ocean energy systems
for electrical power, including ocean thermal
energy conversion using the temperature difference between warm surface waters and colder
deep waters, tidal energy and wave energy.
Finally, Chapter 12 outlines alternative transportation fuels, including biomass fuels and electric power. The authors provide their informed
views on the future of electric cars, as well as the
potential of hydrogen-based transportation.
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© 2011 BURNDY LLC
Principles of Sustainable Energy, by Frank Kreith
and Jan F. Kreider. Hardcover, 895 pages. Boca
Raton, Fla.: CRC Press 2011. $131.95. ISBN:
1-800-346-4175 USA | 1-603-647-5299 International | 1-800-387-6487 Canada
011-52-722-265-4400 Mexico | 011-55-11-5515-7200 Brazil | www.burndy.com
Moncef Krarti, Ph.D., P.e., LeeD AP, is professor of architectural engineering at the university of Colorado.
24 September/October 2011 SOLAR TODA Y solartoday.org
Copyright © 2011 by the American Solar Energy Society Inc. All rights reserved.